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Cuba, officially the Republic of Cuba, is an island country in the Caribbean. The nation of Cuba consists of the main island of Cuba, as well as the Isla de la Juventud and several archipelagos. Havana is the largest city in Cuba and the country's capital. Santiago de Cuba is the second largest city. To the north of Cuba lies the United States (150 km or 90 mi away) and the Bahamas, Mexico is to the west, the Cayman Islands and Jamaica are to the south, and Haiti and the Dominican Republic are to the south-east.
Cuba is home to over 11 million people and is the most populous island nation in the Caribbean, as well as the largest by area. However, the population density is lower than in most Caribbean countries. Its people, culture, and customs draw from diverse sources, such as the aboriginal Taíno and Ciboney peoples, the period of Spanish colonialism, the introduction of African slaves and its proximity to the United States.
Going to Cuba is like taking a trip around the world in perfect weather. You can clamber over the ruins of French coffee plantations. Tour Spanish colonial cities dating back to the 16th century. Swing to Afro-Cuban and Latin rhythms. And fish where Hemingway fished. Touring the country on your own or in a group is easy, fun and safe. Cuba’s 50,000 kilometres of roads and highways connect the country from east to west—and let you meet the people where they live. The island’s three main highways are the National Thruway, Central Highway and Northern Circuit.
Whether you’re in a car or on a bus, train or boat, you’ll find a new experience around every bend. Hang on to your hats…and get ready for adventure .