Mysterious Easter Island was discovered by Jacob Roggeveen in 1722 on Easter Sunday, hence its name. There are however, other claims to earlier discovery which are not so well documented. It is known by the locals as Rapa Nui and is situated 3,600 km west of continental Chile, with an area of 163.6 km² and a population of around 4,000. To get there from Australia you can fly via Santiago. It is one of the most isolated inhabited islands in the world, with its closest neighbour, Pitcairn Island some 2075 km away. Easter Island is a UNESCO World Heritage Site, and is the world’s largest 'open air Museum' on account of the Moai, or human-like stone statues that can be found on the island. There are more than 300 moais on the slopes of Rano Raraku volcano alone and many more dot the island and its three volcanoes.
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